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Athens city is the capital of Greece, a vast metropolis that still stands tall bearing thousands of years of history and culture.
Being one of the oldest continuously inhabited places on Earth, the civilization, culture, art, values and ideas developed in the Greek capital have beyond any doubt defined the entirety of the western world and left their mark on the course of time.
For centuries, Athens has been acclaimed worldwide as a popular tourist destination, celebrated for its ancient wonders, magnificent architecture, immaculate gastronomy, and flawless Mediterranean climate.
Athens city occupies a wide stretch of land on the southern Greek peninsula mainland that is often called the Attica basin.
The city is nestled in the cradle of four mountains – Mount Parnitha, Mount Hymettus, Mount Aigaleo, and Mount Pentelicus. Athens expands all the way to the seafront and the Saronic Gulf to the southwest where the famous Athenian Riviera lies.
Athens city center is built around several hills, with Lycabettus being the most well-known among them.
The story of Athens is almost as old as time itself with a history that spans back for more than seven thousand years.
The grounds where Athens stands nowadays were once home to a prominent residential center of the Mycenaean civilization and Acropolis Hill was occupied by a large fortress.
After the Dorian invasion, the region suffered an extensive economic recess period that lasted more than a century. However, the advantageous geographic location of the city made Athens advance and prosper in the following years. Thus, along with Sparta and Thebes, Athens became a major trading center and a considerable center of naval power.
The 6th and 5th centuries BC were probably the most paramount historical period for the violet-crowned city. Ensuing the reforms of Solomon, democracy was introduced for the first time to Athenians by Cleisthenes.
But the new regime had no time to properly flourish as shortly after, Athens and Sparta spearheaded the Greek states’ forces in the Greco-Persian wars and came out victorious after the famous battles of Marathon and Salamis.
The peaceful period of the following decades was named the Golden Age of Athenian democracy with sciences and culture coming to the foreground.
An abundance of achievements in physics, philosophy, politics and arts were laying the ground for the rest of the western civilization that was soon to follow.
What To See And Do in Athens
Athens city offers travelers a chance to get a glimpse into its marvelous past and get a taste of its contemporary brilliance at the same time. The Greek capital can unquestionably fascinate even the most discerning visitor.
Explore the most popular and historical neighborhoods of Athens and find some of the best museums in the world, architectural wonders of antiquity alongside modern art museums, traditional tavernas next to high-end restaurants and hotels, and chic cocktail bars under the shade of the Acropolis.
Make sure to tour the most important historical sites, stroll through the serpentine streets of the scenic city center, mingle with the locals at one of the numerous nightlife hotspots, and of course savor the legendary Greek cuisine.
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