The Acropolis of Athens

Last Updated on: July 5, 2021

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The rich history and remarkable archaeological sites of the Acropolis of Athens make visiting this hill an incredible experience. Athens, Greece is one of the most visited cities in the world. It is the birthplace of western civilization and known for its multitude of archaeological sites. Its most coveted site is the once fiercely fought-over hill, also known simply as the Acropolis.

A visit to the famous site that was named “preeminent monument” on the European Cultural Heritage list of famous monuments is a definite must for your trip to Athens.

In this article, we’ll go over the long history of the Acropolis, break down all the different monuments that you will find on and near the hill, and finally provide some local insight on how and when is the best time to visit.

athens view from Acropolis
The Acropolis, the eternal landmark of this ancient city, owns some of the most spectacular views around

The History of the Acropolis

The world-renowned Acropolis of Athens is much more than the building of the Parthenon that you have seen in postcards and online articles. The name refers to an ancient citadel standing on a rocky hill that overlooks Athens and is dotted with some of the most significant monuments of the city’s past. The word itself is a combination of the words ‘akron’ and ‘polis’, the former translating to “highest point” and the latter to “city”.

Acropolis in Athens
The Acropolis of Athens is one of the most famous ancient archaeological sites in the world

There are, in fact, many more acropolises in Greece, but due to its importance, the Acropolis of Athens is commonly referred to simply as “The Acropolis”. In ancient times, it was also known as Cecropia, taking the name after Cecrops, the legendary first king of Athens.

Although inhabited since the early Neolithic period, the Acropolis of Athens rose to fame during the 5th century BC under the rule of Pericles who oversaw the construction of the hill’s most prominent monuments.

Through the centuries, the Acropolis has been damaged and partially destroyed enough times to call its survival a miracle. Below, we’ll take you through the long history of the Acropolis in more detail.

Early Settlements and the Archaic Era

There is enough proof to support that the Acropolis of Athens and the surrounding areas have been inhabited since as early as the Early and the Middle Neolithic period (i.e. circa the 6th millennium BC).

It is widely believed that, during the Bronze Age, it was home to a Mycenean palace surrounded by a massive 10-meter high Cyclopian wall. This wall would eventually survive long after the palace was destroyed, serving as a fortification until the 5th century.

athenian acropolis in greece
The Athenian Acropolis

Later on, during the Archaic Era, the Acropolis stood still as the city below delved in political unrest. And while failed revolts and coups d’état were taking place, the hill transformed from being an impenetrable fortress to a place of religious worship.

It was around that time that the Older Parthenon and the Old Temple of Athena were built to pay tribute to the patron goddess of the city. Yet, neither survived the Second Persian invasion of Greece (480-479 BC). After the war ended, several architectural parts of the two buildings were used to make up a war memorial on the northern wall of the Acropolis and can still be seen today.

The Golden Age of the Acropolis

The Golden Age of the Acropolis coincided with the Golden Age of Athens (460-430 BC) when the city was under the rule of Pericles. During this time, the popular political leader ordered the construction and renovation of almost all the major temples of the Acropolis, including the iconic Parthenon.

athenian acropolis parthenon
Parthenon, the temple that dominates the Acropolis at Athens

The colossal project was undertaken by two famous architects named Icitnus and Callicrates and a local sculptor called Phidias. Soon enough, the Acropolis was transformed yet again taking the familiar form that we still admire today and consider to be the most grandiose achievement of the Classical Period of Athens.

The Acropolis of Athens
Stone art on the roof of the Parthenon

Some of the most famous monuments that were built during that period include the Parthenon, the gate of Propylaea, the Temple of Athena Nike, the Temple of Erechtheum that was originally supported by the iconic statues called the Caryatids, and the legendary gigantic bronze statue of Athena Promachos.

The beauty of the Acropolis’ archaeology sites
The beauty of the Acropolis’s archaeology sites. Courtesy: wikimedia.org

The Hellenistic and Roman Periods

The Hellenistic and Roman periods marked another new age for the Acropolis. Restorations of older buildings on the hill damaged from the passing of time and occasional wars began, but there were some additions as well.

These included mainly new monuments to foreign kings like Attalos II and Eumenes II that were later on rededicated to Augustus and Agrippa, prominent civilians of the Roman Empire as well as the Temple of Rome and Augustus.

In 161 AD, Herodes Atticus built the grand amphitheater (known as Odeon Herodes Atticus) on the southern slope of the hill, one of the most popular attractions of Athens to this day.

Odeon Herodes Atticus in acropolis athens
Odeon of Herodes Atticus. Courtesy: Scott Gregory / flickr.com

The Byzantine and Ottoman Periods

The Byzantine and Ottoman Periods brought significant changes to the hill of the Acropolis. During the times of Byzantine reign over the city of Athens, the temple of the Parthenon was repurposed to serve as a church dedicated to the Virgin Mary.

After Greece was conquered by the Ottomans, the Parthenon was used for an entirely different reason; as the headquarters of the Turkish army, while the Erechtheum became a harem for the governor. Finally, during the times of the Morean War, the Parthenon was turned into a gunpowder warehouse.

The Destruction of the Acropolis

As seen above, the buildings and monuments that adorn the hill of Acropolis have been through a lot of different times and ages.

Naturally, the passing of time, war, and different empires have left their mark on what we know today as a sightseeing spectacle.

But there was one particular event that would alter the famous site forever. On the 26th of September in 1687, the Venetians launched an attack upon Acropolis Hill, bombarding the Parthenon which at the time served as an ammunition depot. The attack destroyed a large part of the temple and the consequent looting and vandalisms robbed future generations of an abundance of cultural wealth.

The case of the Elgin Marbles

It wasn’t until more than a century later than the destruction of the Parthenon by the Venetians that attempts to save some of the glory of the Parthenon were put in motion.

In 1801, the seventh Earl of Elgin, Thomas Bruce, got permission from the Turkish Government that held Greece under occupation to remove some of the sculptures of the temple.

Indeed, Elgin was able to remove more than half of Parthenon’s sculptures which he ensuingly sold to the British Museum where they are still located to this day.

the Elgin Marbles
The Parthenon (or Elgin) Marbles in the British Museum in London.
Courtesy: Nathan Meijer / flickr.com

During the past decades, the Greek government has taken steps to retrieve the “Elgin Marbles” -as they are commonly known. The dispute between the governments of Greece and Britain still goes on nowadays.

The Acropolis Restoration Project

During the past years, it became more than apparent that the course of time and the city’s pollution had taken their toll on the monuments up on Acropolis Hill.

Thus, the Greek government founded the Committee for the Conservation of the Monuments on the Acropolis that includes archaeologists, architects, and civil engineers among others.

In 1975, this committee set in motion a major restoration project in an attempt to reverse and limit the decay the buildings had suffered.

Acropolis major restoration project
Acropolis’s major restoration project. The decades-long project to restore the site to its iconic past

The goal of the project was to identify all the stone fragments that were originally part of the buildings still lying on Acropolis Hill and use them to reassemble large parts of the monuments.

The restoration involved a peculiar mixture of scientific research, cutting-edge technology, and millennia-old building techniques which produced great results. An estimated 2,675 tons of architectural members have been restored to this day, including the Temple of Athena Nike, the roof and floor of Propylaea, and the Parthenon colonnades.

Acropoliss major restoration project greece
The mammoth Acropolis restoration project aims to bring back the Sacred Rock into its full glory

This long process is still in progress to this day. The restoration involves repairing much of the structures in a way that is actually reversible, in case future generations decide to remove or alter what has been done.

The Cultural Significance of the Acropolis Hill

The Acropolis and all its wonders have been celebrated throughout the world ever since ancient times. Most of the structures were built to honor the patron goddess of the city, Athena, and every 4 years the people of the city would hold a festival called Panathenaea, which paid tribute to the goddess and which was just as popular as the Olympics during that time.

The structures and archaeological sites of Athens have, for centuries, been an inspiration for art and architecture throughout the world.

Especially in the past few centuries, with the wave of classical revival throughout the western world, the Acropolis has been regarded as the symbol of Greek heritage and the cornerstone of western civilization.

Athens Acropolis Tourists at the Parthenon
Athens Acropolis, Tourists at the Parthenon

The Monuments and Archaeology Sites on Acropolis Hill

The monuments and archaeological sites on Acropolis Hill are renowned aesthetically for their Ionic and Doric architecture that encompasses a plain style and simple exteriors, which seem to blend in with the natural surroundings around them.

The monuments standing today include the Parthenon, Erechtheion or Erechtheum, Propylaia, Athena Nike, Arrephorion, some circuit wall rocks, and other scattered architectural remains.

Erechtheum in acropolis athens greece
The Erechtheion or Erechtheum is an ancient Greek temple on the north side of the Acropolis of Athens

Of the five main buildings, the most prominent – now and during the Acropolis’ heyday when several other buildings scattered the landscape – are the Parthenon and the Erechtheum. Both significant to the Athenians of the classical period, as well as the people of today for their cultural importance, the Erechtheum, and the Parthenon in Athens clearly dominate the landscape of the Acropolis.

Archaeology Sites on Acropolis Hill athens greece
The monuments and archaeology sites on Acropolis Hill

In this section, we will go over some of the most significant monuments that you can still see on the famous hill and give you some general information about each one.

The Parthenon

The Parthenon is a former temple on the Acropolis of Athens. It is without a doubt one of the most famous structures in the world and is seen as the foremost symbol of democracy.

athens greece parthenon


Completed in 438 BC, it is considered to be the pinnacle of Doric achievement, while the various artistic offerings found on and inside the building are renowned for being the highest level of classical Greek art. Much of the art that was in the Parthenon and the other buildings in the area were sold to England in the 1800s and are now in the British Museum in London.

Pediments of the Parthenon
The pediments of the Parthenon at the British Museum. Courtesy: wikimedia.org

Like most structures found on Acropolis, the Parthenon was built to honor the goddess Athena and there was, in fact, a giant statue of the patron goddess made out of gold and elephant ivory that greeted visitors to the building in ancient times.

Through the years the building served many purposes. It was originally a sort of civic center and treasury, harboring several pieces of gold and treasure. It was later converted into a Christian church during Byzantine times. Then, under Ottoman rule, its purpose was once again changed, this time it was converted into a mosque.

acropolis parthenon roof

The Parthenon, Athens’ defining structure throughout its history, was partially destroyed along with some of the other structures in the 17th century when the Venetians attacked the city and this is the main reason why it lay in ruins today.

The Erechtheum

The Erechtheum was the last significant structure built on the Acropolis of Athens and interestingly seems to be a monument built by the ancient Greeks dedicated to both gods who mythically battled over the city, Athena and Poseidon.

The Erechtheum temple, Acropolis of Athens
The Erechtheum temple, Acropolis of Athens. Courtesy: Shawn Harquail / flickr.com

While the Parthenon was used for important civic events, the Erechtheum was seen as equally significant for the ancient Greeks’ religious ceremonies.

One of Erechtheum’s most signifying features is the porch of Caryatids on the building’s south side. Columns on this side of the Erechtheum are carved into six Caryatids, which were female maidens of the time. The importance of this is unknown but it definitely makes for a beautiful artistic façade.

the porch of Caryatids
The most famous Caryatids are the six which support the roof of the false south porch of the Erechtheion on the Athenian Acropolis

The Temple of Athena Nike

Built sometime between 427 and 427 BC under the supervision of Kallikrates, the Temple of Athena Nike is located atop a platform on the southwestern edge of the Acropolis.

The Temple of Athena Nike in acropolis
The Temple of Athena Nike is a temple on the Acropolis of Athens, dedicated to the goddesses Athena and Nike

It stands on four Ionic-style columns and used to feature a frieze that depicted magnificent scenes from former wars and stories drawn from Greek mythology.

The frieze is destroyed to a large extent but there are still parts of it that have survived the passing of time and can now be found in the Acropolis Museum.

The Temple of Athena Nike was once home to a majestic statue of Athena holding a helmet and a pomegranate in each hand; the symbols for war and fertility respectively. Unfortunately, entrance to the temple is not permitted to visitors but you can still admire the beauty of the building from afar.

The Temple of Athena Nike on the Acropolis of athens greece
The temple of Athena Nike is the smallest temple at the Acropolis in Athens

The Propylaea

The gate of Propylaea was designed by Mnesicles and built around 437-432 BC to serve as the gateway of the Acropolis – and in ancient times it was the only way to get to the Acropolis from the city.

It encompasses a central hall and two symmetrical lateral wings. The northern one was used as a gallery while the southern one was the antechamber of the Temple of Athena Nike.

The Propylaea was severely damaged by an explosion in the 17th century and its restoration process has not been completed to this day.

The Propylaea at the acropolis
The Propylaia is the entrance to the Acropolis

The statue of Athena Promachos

Only a few meters away from the gate of Propylaea, you’ll find the remains of the statue of Athena Promachos, one of the several impressive statues that were located on the Acropolis and formed a path from the gate all the way up to the hill.

Sculpted by Pheidias, this 9-meter tall statue was a symbol of perseverance and celebration of the victory of Athenians over the Persians.

It depicted the goddess Athena with a spear in one hand and a shield on the other. It was moved to Constantinople in 426 AD by Emperor Theodosius.

The Panathenaic Way

Dedicated to the goddess Athena, the Panathenaia was the most celebrated event of ancient Athens. It included all kinds of spectacles like dance and drama performances, athletic competitions, and music contests.

The most important aspect of the event, however, was the procession that took place on the last day and involved Athenians carrying sacrifices for the Goddess and the sacred shawl named “peplo” from Kerameikos all the way to the Erechtheum. There, the “peplo” was placed on the statue of Athena Polias, marking the end of the ceremonies. The Panathenaic Way is the name given to the route starting from Kerameikos, passing through Acropolis and leading to the temple of Erechtheum.

The Monuments and Archaeology Sites on the Southwestern Slope of the Acropolis

The southwestern slope of the Acropolis hill bears great significance for the city of Athens. It is the location where all the public buildings were built and the most famous gathering spot of ancient Athens.

This is where Athenians used to hold the most popular religious, athletic, and artistic events of the city. In this section, we’ll break down the sites that make up this area and provide some useful information on each one.

Archaeology Sites on the Southwestern Slope of the Acropolis
The monuments and archaeology sites on the southwestern slope of the Acropolis

The Theatre of Dionysus

The Theater of Dionysus is a real architectural wonder that was brought to the surface in 1838 by the Greek Archaeological Society.

It dates back to the 5th century and it was designed by Lycourgos and built in stone and marble. The end result was a colossal auditorium of 17 thousand seats located close to the sanctuary of Dionysus.

Theatre of Dionysus in Athens
Looking down the slope of the Acropolis at the Theatre of Dionysus.
Courtesy: Ian Scott / flickr.com

During the Golden Age of Athens, the Theater of Dionysus hosted one of the biggest cultural events of the city: the Festival of the Great Dionysia.

The festival attracted crowds from all over the country and featured plays written by famous writers like Aristophanes, Euripides and Aeschylus, sponsored by wealthy upper-class citizens and politicians.

The Asklepieion

The Askleipeion is a sanctuary dedicated to the worship of the son of Apollo, Asklepios. It is situated on the west side of the steps that lead up to the Theater of Dionysus.

It was also brought to light by the Greek Archaeological Service which revealed the foundations of the temple, an altar and two stoas (passageways) dating back to the 5th century BC.

The Stoa of Eumenes

The Stoa of Eumenes is located right beneath the Asklepieion.

The name refers to a colonnade made of marble and stone and built with the purpose of serving as a shelter for the crowds going in and out of the Theater of Dionysus.

It takes its name after the King of Pergamos, Eumenes II who ordered its construction.

The Temple of Thrasyllos

Built by Thrasyllos in 320 BC, this temple used to stand on what is commonly called the “katatome”, the artificially flattened-out huge rock on which the Theater of Dionysus stands.

Unfortunately, the only elements of the temple that remain to this day are two Ionic-style columns that overlook the church of “Panagia Hrysospiliotissa” that is nestled in a small cave behind the theater.

thrasyllus temple acropolis athens
The Temple of Thrasyllos is located on the south slope of the Acropolis above the Theatre of Dionysus

Theatre of Herodes Atticus

This is one of the most popular attractions of Athens even today.

Built by an affluent Roman civilian named Herodes Atticus in memory of his wife in 160 AD, this magnificent theater can accommodate over 5000 guests in a huge amphitheater with marble seats.

Theatre of Herodes Atticus
The famous Herodes Atticus Odeon dominates the western end on the south slope of the Acropolis

This architectural gem was discovered in 1958 and was fully restored about a century later. Today, the Theater of Herodes Atticus houses the summer Athens Festival which draws top-class artists and crowds from all over the world each year.

Map of the Sites of the Acropolis

Map of the Sites of the Acropolis
  1. Parthenon
  2. Old Temple of Athene
  3. Erechtheum
  4. Statue of Athena Promachus
  5. Propylaea
  6. Temple of Athena Nike
  7. Sanctuary of Aegeus
  8. Sanctuary of Artemis Brauronia
  9. Chalkotheke
  10. Pandroseion
  11. Arrephorion
  12. Altar of Athena
  13. Sanctuary of Zeus Polieus
  14. Sanctuary of Pandion
  15. Odeon of Herodes Atticus
  16. Stoa of Eumenes
  17. Sanctuary of Asclepius
  18. Theatre of Dionysus Eleuthereus
  19. Odeum of Pericles
  20. Temenos of Dionysus Eleuthereus
  21. Aglaureio

The Acropolis Museum

The Acropolis Museum is a must for those that want to see the exhibits that complement the monuments of the Acropolis Hill and get even deeper into the history and culture of Athens.

The majestic archaeological museum features findings of the Acropolis and houses all artifacts that were found on the hill and on its slope from the Greek Bronze Age to Byzantine Greece.

Acropolis Museum visit in athens
The Acropolis Museum in Athens. Courtesy: Tilemahos Efthimiadis / flickr.com

The Acropolis Museum was founded in 2003, in preparation for the Olympic Games of Athens in 2004 but eventually opened its doors to the public in 2009.

It is built on Roman and Byzantine ruins and it lies only a few minutes away from the entrance to the Acropolis. The modern museum features over 4,200 exhibits that you cannot afford to miss. Also, when you visit the Acropolis museum, make sure to spend some time at the museum’s cafe. It’s totally worth it.

If you want to learn more about the Acropolis Museum and explore the rest of the Museums in Athens, have a look right below.

When is the Best Time to Visit the Acropolis of Athens

The best time of the year to visit the Acropolis in Athens is either in the spring or the fall time. During these times the weather in Athens is almost perfect and the crowds are down from their summertime maximums. You can learn more about the weather in Athens here.

If you do decide to visit the Acropolis in Athens during the summer, this too can be an exciting time. The warm weather and large crowds are sometimes welcomed by some tourists hoping to take in the area’s amazing archaeology sites with other travelers experiencing the same joy of the moment.

Read our detailed guide about when is the best time to visit Athens.

How to get to and from the Acropolis

Acropolis Hill is the heart and soul of Athens and it’s located right in the city center, making it quite easy to reach no matter where in the city you are staying. Here are your options for getting to and from the Acropolis.

  • On foot

You can get to Acropolis easily on foot, starting from Syntagma Square, Monastiraki Square, Psirri, Thission, Koukaki, and Petralona. The walk to Acropolis from Syntagma Square, for example, is approximately 20 minutes.

  • By metro

The closest metro station to the hill is the Acropolis metro station (red line) that is located right next to the Acropolis Museum. You can also reach Acropolis via the Thisseion Station (green line) or the Monastiraki Station (green and blue line).

  • By bus

The bus stop closest to the Acropolis is called “Apheteria”. To get there hop on bus line 230 that runs through the city center. When you get off, you’ll only need to walk about 5 minutes to reach the entrance to the Acropolis.

  • With a Private Tour

There are tours that will take you up to the Acropolis daily where you’ll have the opportunity to take a guided tour of the historic area. You may also elect to travel to the site yourself and either catch a tour as it starts for a fee or simply walk around on your own and explore the area.

You can find some great options for a guided tour of the Acropolis and the Acropolis Museum. Check them right below.

Acropolis Entrance Fees

The price for admission to the Acropolis is relatively cheap compared to other major European attractions. Bear in mind that the fees may change from time to time, according to the instructions of the Ministry of Culture. Below you can find a price list for the entrance fees for the Acropolis:

  • Full Ticket: €20
  • Reduced Ticket: €10

Valid for the archaeological site of the Acropolis and its Slopes. Tickets are available at ticket offices on-site as well as online.

Special ticket package: €30

Special tickets are valid for 5 days and grant access to the Acropolis of Athens, the Ancient Agora of Athens, the Ancient Agora of Athens Museum, the Archaeological Museum of Kerameikos, Hadrian’s Library, Kerameikos, the Lykeion Archaeological Site, the North Slope of the Acropolis, Olympieio, the Roman Agora of Athens and the South Slope of Acropolis.

Free Admission Days to the Acropolis

Entrance to the Acropolis is free on certain days each year. These days are the following:

  • 6 March (in memory of Melina Mercouri)
  • 18 April (International Monuments Day)
  • 18 May (International Museums Day)
  • The last weekend of September annually (European Heritage Days)
  • 28 October
  • Every first Sunday from November 1st to March 31st

Free Admission to the Acropolis

Apart from the dates when the entrance to the Acropolis is free, there are also some cases when you can get free admission. More specifically, admission is free for:

  • Children and young people up to the age of 25, from EU member-states
  • Children up to the age of 5, from non-European Union countries
  • Persons over 25 years, being in secondary education (evening schools, second-chance schools) and in vocational schools from EU member states and countries of the European Economic Area
  • Persons with disabilities and one escort (only in the case of 67% disability), irrespective of the country of origin, upon presentation of their ID card or passport and Disability Certificate

Can you buy tickets to the Acropolis online?

Yes, you can buy tickets to the Acropolis online via the official portal. Just click on this link and follow the steps. Keep in mind that even though you can get and print regular tickets online, things are more complex for reduced tickets.

If you want a reduced ticket, you’ll have to print a voucher that is issued online and then validate it with your ID or passport at the Acropolis ticket office to get your entrance ticket.

Buying a ticket online usually does not mean that you will get on the site faster. You may skip the ticket office queue, but the line to the Acropolis at the entrance will probably still be quite long.

If you want to book a ticket online and skip the lines entirely, you can do it here.

Acropolis opening hours

The acropolis is normally open from sunrise until sunset. This means that the opening hours change depending on the season. In the winter, Acropolis is open from 8 am until 5 pm. In the summer, Acropolis is open from 8 am to 7 pm.

Keep in mind that there are certain days when the Acropolis is closed altogether. The days that Acropolis is closed are the following:

  • 1 January
  • 25 March
  • 1 May
  • 2 May (Easter Sunday)
  • 25 December
  • 26 December

Disabled Access to the Acropolis Hill

People with disabilities can access the Acropolis effortlessly thanks to the brand new elevator that was installed on the northwestern side of the hill.

The new, cutting-edge elevator replaced an older one that was closed down for maintenance several times throughout the year, causing the disappointment and frustration of visitors with mobility impairments.

The new elevator will be fully operational year-round and there are two specially designed vehicles both on the bottom (departing from Dionysiou Areopagitou street) and the top of the hill to make reaching the elevator easier.

In addition, two new disabled routes on top of the hill have been laid out to make sightseeing for people with reduced mobility more comfortable. They are about 500 meters long and 4 meters wide and cover the north and east side of the Parthenon.

You can find more information on the new Acropolis elevator and the new disabled routes right below.

Where to Stay Near the Acropolis

As mentioned above, the Acropolis is conveniently located in downtown Athens, among some of the most popular neighborhoods in the city like Koukaki, Thisseion, Petralona, Monastiraki and Syntagma. Any of these would be an excellent choice if you’re looking for a hotel near Acropolis. The rest is up to your personal tastes.

If you’re looking for a luxury hotel near Acropolis, we’d recommend having a look at the Divani Palace Acropolis that features a rooftop terrace with extraordinary views of the Parthenon or Hotel Hera for some high-class amenities.

For a real value-for-money option, we strongly suggest Attalos Hotel that combines beautiful design, top-notch facilities, and great rates. Alternatively, check out A for Athens for a boutique hotel experience in one of the hippest spots in Athens.

Finally, if you’re traveling on a budget and you want to book a hotel with a privileged location but with a minimum cost, try out the Pella Inn Hostel that provides everything you’ll need at very low prices or Phidias Hotel that’s located on the most popular pedestrian street in the city.

Tips and Recommendations on Visiting the Acropolis of Athens

For the outro of this article, we’ll give you a few tips and recommendation on how to get the most out of your visit to the Acropolis and answer some of the most frequently asked questions our readers have when it comes to visiting the famous site.

What Was the Acropolis of Athens Used For?

An Acropolis is technically just a high piece of land that was a popular strategic location to build cities on in ancient times due to the advantages it offers, like being able to see an incoming attack from any direction. The Acropolis of Athens was indeed used as a fortress for many centuries, but it later on became a place of religious worship and cultural importance during the Golden Age of Athens.

Why is the Acropolis so important?

Throughout the centuries, Acropolis has been a citadel, a home to kings and rulers, a religious holy place and an hub for arts and culture. Today it stands as a symbol of ancient Greek culture, the democracy and the western civilization as a whole.

Are the Acropolis and the Parthenon the same thing?

It is a common misconception that the Acropolis and the Parthenon are the same thing. In fact, Acropolis is the name of the hill that stands in the center of Athens. The name roughly translates to “high city”. Parthenon is the name of the famous temple that stands atop the hill of Acropolis.

When Was the Acropolis of Athens Built?

The area was first inhabited dating back to the Neolithic period, which means people could have been living here since around 6000 BC. However, it wasn’t until the 6th century BC that structures started being built on top of the hill. Since then, many structures have been built, defended, and destroyed on Acropolis with only a handful of the ancient monuments still standing today.

How much time do you need to see the Acropolis?

The Acropolis of Athens is a massive archaeological site that is full of different monuments to explore and stories to learn. We do recommend that you take your time to enjoy it while visiting and that you don’t limit your visit to less than 3 hours.

Should I also visit the Acropolis Museum?

The Acropolis Museum is probably the most exciting museum of Athens. Its building is a real architectural gem and its exhibits will take you through millenia of the city’s history and cultural heritage in just a few hours. After a visit to the Acropolis Musuem you’ll have learnt so much about Athens that the rest of your visit to the city will be much more enjoyable.

Are they rebuilding the Acropolis?

There is no short answer to this question. There is always some restoration process going on on the hill of the Acropolis. However, the Greek Central Archaeological Council have recently decided that a part of the Parthenon is to be rebuilt in the following years.

How was the Acropolis destroyed?

Acropolis has suffered many damages through the years. The greatest one was on 26 September 1687 when the Venetian invaders bombarded the hill. At the time, the Parthenon temple was serving as an ammunition depot and the attack resulted in a large explosion that damaged the monument severely.

Is the Parthenon one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World?

No, Parthenon was never one of the seven wonders. However, the sculptor that was responsible for its construction was the artist behind the Statue of Zeus at Olympia which is one of the seven wonders of the ancient world.

The Acropolis of Athens is famous all around the world not only because of its beauty but also as a living and surviving symbol of western civilization, culture, and democracy.

Even if you only have a few hours to spend in Athens, you probably already know that you just have to visit the Acropolis; and we trust that you will. It is an ancient wonder and a modern-day legend.

Just follow our guide to make the most of your visit and make sure to take everything in and pack the most beautiful memories to bring back home with you.

A Quick Reminder:

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